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Tag Archives: Opioid Addiction

Carfentanil vs Fentanyl

These two substances, despite the similarity of their names, are very distinct substances. Though they share a decent number of similarities, they have very different medical applications, and need to be applied in different scenarios based on a variety of factors.

Additionally, the illicit use of carfentanil vs fentanyl highlight a few more differences between the two. Carfentanil is a much more potent substance of fentanyl. This distinction is important in the medical field, as well as illicit use.

First – What Is Fentanyl?

Fentanyl belongs to the opioid family of drugs, which is a branch of painkillers that suppress the brain’s release of noradrenaline. Put simply, these substances cause the brain to produce less “wakefulness” neurotransmitters, and the body relaxes as a result.

While this process can be invaluable for killing pain in medical patients and in wounded individuals, the effect is also highly addictive, and opioid addictions are quick to form.

carfentanil vs fentanyl

To get a strong perspective of just how powerful carfentanil is, first take a look at where fentanyl falls on the potency scale of opioids. If morphine is a “1” on the scale of potency, then fentanyl falls at around the “100” mark.

For a patient to receive the same pain-killing effect that fentanyl produces in a single dose, they would need to have 100 doses of that size of morphine. The strength of this substance is tough to put into proper perspective, but hopefully this produces some idea of how strong the substance is.

The strength difference factor here lies in the manufacturing process. For example, manufacturers of morphine use extracted opium from the poppy plant to create the substance. Since its origin is from organic matter, the strength of the substance is not as strong.

Though the process includes careful extraction of the opium and compounding of the material, it is still effectively a “side-product”. Fentanyl, on the other hand, is synthetically produced through chemical means.

Factories producing fentanyl are producing it for the express goal of making a pain-killing chemical. Due to this, morphine simply cannot compare in terms of potency.

While fentanyl is an exceptionally powerful substance, it does see medical use. It is sold under the brand names Duragesic, Actiq, and Sublimaze.

Carfentanil vs Fentanyl – All The Same Thing?

Though the very name “carfentanil” seems to include the name “fentanyl” in it, the similarities are significant. Before exploring how the two are different, though, there are a couple similarities.

First, both substances are opioids. Generally, all opioids have the same sequence of effects in the brain and body. The chemical makeup of the substance causes different opioids to have more powerful or less powerful effects.

Studies on opioids have determined that there are small differences in how the brain responds to opioid types, but the general end effect is typically the same each time. Second, both substances are synthetic. While artificial substances are often more potent, this means they are also more addictive.

The strength of effect that the substance has can be crucial for medical applications in patients suffering from severe pain. However, this also means that individuals who abuse the substance may be more likely to experience an overdose.

Since the dose size required for an overdose becomes smaller as the substance becomes more powerful, an individual suffering from an addiction may make a mistake, and take a larger dose than they intend to.

As the potency of the opioids becomes stronger and stronger, as little as a few micrograms could mean the difference between a typical dose and an overdose.

carfentanil vs fentanyl

The big difference between carfentanil and fentanyl is that of drug strength. Going back to the scale where morphine sits at “1”, carfentanil would be 100 times stronger than fentanyl. This means that it would sit around the “10,000” mark. Carfentanil’s massive potency when compared to morphine makes the perspective incredibly difficult to convey.

Carfentanil has no medical application in humans, but sometimes is used as a tranquilizer for herd animals or elephants.

Risks Involved

As one might expect, the risk involved when using carfentanil vs fentanyl rises exponentially, especially in illicit circumstances. These two substances are so powerful that individuals rarely consciously abuse them. Rather, drug distributors may mix either opioid with heroin or another substance, in order to produce a drug that seems exceptionally strong.

This opens up a whole new can of worms, however, since mixing substances can go wrong in so many ways. Additionally, the risk of overdose even with such a small dose of fentanyl or carfentanil means that mixing them into heroin or another substance can be deadly.

Accessing Resources

Opioid addiction can be severely dangerous. Any kind of dependence to an opioid can worsen over time, and developing a tolerance means that more and more of the substance is needed. Additionally, withdrawal symptoms can make it extremely difficult to stop permanently.

If you think you or a loved one is suffering from a substance use disorder, contact us today. Or, if you would like to read more about substance abuse risks or get some more information, read our blog.

Oxycodone vs Percocet

Oxycodone and Percocet are two of the most common prescription opioid painkillers on the market. While they are not necessarily synonymous, they are closely related. 

Oxycodone is a generic name for an opioid drug that appears under various brand names (e.g. OxyContin). Percocet is a brand name for a drug made up of a combination of oxycodone and acetaminophen. Acetaminophen is most often recognized by the brand name Tylenol. 

Both drugs have legal and medical application as pain relievers. However, easy access and cheap (illegal) production combined with their high addictive potential make both Percocet and oxycodone a common culprit in substance abuse cases. 

Oxycodone and Percocet – or “percs,” as the pills are sometimes called – overlap in some areas, but the chemical make-up and symptoms of each make their applications slightly different.  

Chemical Overview of Oxycodone vs Percocet

Both Percocet and oxycodone bind to opioid receptors in the brain. This attachment affects the central nervous system (CNS), essentially blocking pain. 

You may have heard the terms “opiate” and “opioid” used interchangeably. The distinction isn’t always important, but it’s worth noting that “opiates” refer to natural opioids such as heroin, morphine and codeine, while “opioids” refer to all natural, semisynthetic, and synthetic opioids.

Opioids cause certain receptors to activate artificially, leading to the pain-numbing effect that opioids are recognized and used for.

Chemistry In the Brain

The end result of almost any opioid is the same: pain suppression.

One specific kind of receptor in the brain, when activated, produces the effects that opioids are known for: the mu opioid peptide receptor (MOP), in its natural state, functions to manage the body’s response to pain.  

Opioids cause the MOP receptors to activate artificially in order to achieve the pain-numbing effect that opioids are prescribed for.

Half Life of Oxycodone vs Percocet

The half life of an opioid refers to the amount of time it takes for an average patient’s body to eliminate half of a dose. If the dose size is 20mg and the half life of the opioid is 5 hours, then there will be around 10mg of the substance in the patient’s system after 5 hours. 

The half life of opioids varies largely from one drug to the next. Length of time for an opioid half-life can be anywhere from 40 minutes to two and a half days. 

Oxycodone can take effect as quickly as one hour after dosage, and reduces by half in about 4 hours. During this time, it binds to MOP receptors and numbs the sensation of pain by reducing communication between cells.

Whether a pain relieving drug is “short-acting” vs “long-acting” and how it is administered are two of the main factors that determine how long opioids remain in a person’s system. 

Abuse Potential

In addition to pain relief, users often describe experiencing a sense of “euphoria” as a side effect of taking opioids. 

This “numbing” or “carefree” feeling often motivates individuals to take oxycodone long after the pain that warranted the prescription is gone

Compared to other euphoria-producing substances, oxycodone and Percocet are both less expensive and relatively easy to obtain. Since the body can build a tolerance to opioids quickly, people also may want to continue taking them to avoid unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. 

If a person is experiencing withdrawals, this is a sign that the body has begun to form chemical dependence upon opioids. Dependence forms even more quickly in individuals who abuse opioids, increasing the severity of withdrawals, and the likelihood they will slip into a full-blown addiction. 

Oxycodone vs Percocet Applications 

Doctors prescribe oxycodone most frequently in cases of ongoing moderate-to-severe pain, such as pain associated with cancer.

Percocet can also address this type of pain, but has the added benefit of treating conditions associated with fever. It can also be used to treat intense, flaring pain from a chronic condition when a long-acting pain drug doesn’t provide enough relief.

Oxycodone is not particularly strong when compared to the general scale of opioid strength, but is still a potent painkiller.

Oxycodone vs Percocet Side Effects

Dizziness and feelings of euphoria are more closely associated with oxycodone than with Percocet. Both drugs, however, share most of their side effects in common, such as:

  • feeling relaxed and calm
  • unusual drowsiness or sleepiness
  • constipation
  • nausea
  • loss of appetite
  • dizziness
  • headache
  • motor skill impairment

Serious, but less common side effects include:

  • painful urination
  • vomiting blood
  • skin rash
  • itching
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Chills

Because of the presence of acetaminophen, Percocet can cause side effects such as upper abdominal pain, black or tarry stools, and yellowing of the skin and eyes. Additionally, long-term use of Percocet is not recommended both due to the possibility of opioid addiction as well as liver damage from the acetaminophen. 

Breaking Oxycodone and Percocet Addiction

Unfortunately, even prescriptions like oxycodone and Percocet come with a risk of abuse. If you find you require the use of opioids to treat pain, it is important to communicate with your doctor about how to properly take it to avoid addiction. 

If you find you or a loved one already exhibits signs of a chemical dependency, there is still hope. Addiction doesn’t have to take over their life. Contact us today to find out how we can help you re-learn to live life free from substance abuse.

Precipitated Withdrawal

Withdrawal usually refers to the sensations and symptoms someone experiences when they stop using an addictive substance. Precipitated withdrawal, however, refers to withdrawal caused by a medication.

Substances like Suboxone and Naloxone can be helpful resources for medically-assisted recovery from opioid addiction. Without careful application and monitoring, however, they have the potential to trigger precipitated withdrawal, which can be as life-threatening as withdrawal from illicit drugs.

Precipitated withdrawal most commonly occurs in individuals dealing with opioid dependence.

Unlike typical withdrawals, precipitated withdrawal refers to withdrawal caused by a medication.

Causes of Opioid Withdrawal

People most often experience withdrawal symptoms when they eliminate or significantly decrease the amount of an addictive substance they’ve been taking for a while.

This may occur as a result of an addiction to opioids purchased on the street, or even a developed dependence upon prescription drugs.

During the development of a dependence, an individual’s body becomes accustomed to functioning with the substance present. Thus, taking illegal or prescription drugs over a long period of time conditions the body to expect those effects regularly.

When the substance is removed suddenly, the body goes into a sort of panic mode without the substance it has adapted to. This reaction manifests as uncomfortable physical and mental symptoms that can be life-threatening.

Symptoms of Opioid Withdrawal

Medically-approved opioids are most often prescribed to relieve pain in some capacity. Their side effects usually produce feelings of euphoria and relaxation.

The “desirable” effects of a drug are often precisely opposite in nature to the symptoms of its withdrawal.

It’s interesting to note that the “desirable” effects of a drug are often precisely opposite in nature to the symptoms of its withdrawal. For example, as the following list of opioid withdrawal symptoms shows, many symptoms have to do with hyperactivity in the body – the opposite of calm and relaxation:

  • Muscle aches
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Dilated pupils
  • Light sensitivity
  • Insomnia
  • Rapid breathing
  • Overactive reflexes
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Sweating
  • Overheating
  • High blood pressure

Dealing With and Avoiding Precipitated Withdrawal

Precipitated withdrawal most often occurs as a result of prematurely applied medications that combat opioid withdrawal, such as Suboxone or buprenorphine.

Precipitated Withdrawal Causes

Because buprenorphine has a higher binding strength than opioids to the opioid receptor, it “kicks off” the opioid and replaces it. However, buprenorphine activates the receptor to a lesser degree than the opioid, causing the patient to experience withdrawal symptoms due to a net loss of opioid effects.

This substitution can be helpful as part of a steady transition away from opioid addiction. For patients who are dealing with opioid withdrawal, buprenorphine can act as a “stepping stone” between opioid dependence and sobriety.

Buprenorphine administered too early in the detoxification process, however, means a large amount of these opioid receptors are getting “kicked off” at the same time, resulting in rapid onset precipitated withdrawal.

Precipitated Withdrawal Symptoms

Precipitated withdrawal symptoms are not unique or different from those associated with opioid withdrawal. Due to their severity, however, in addition to those listed above, precipitated withdrawal symptoms, may include:

  • Fever
  • Cramping
  • Insomnia
  • Depression
  • Suicidal thoughts

Since buprenorphine is an opioid in itself, the danger of precipitated withdrawal comes not from the symptoms themselves, but from the severity of these symptoms, which can quickly become life-threatening.

Precipitated withdrawal symptoms:   Fever  Cramping Insomnia Depression Suicidal thoughts

Avoiding Precipitated Withdrawal

To avoid painful withdrawal symptoms, patients should not be given their first dose of buprenorphine until after they are already in mild to moderate withdrawal – and definitely not while they’re still high on opioids.

The type of opioid a person has been using also plays an important role in determining how much time passes before they can take buprenorphine. Opioids come in both long-acting and short-acting forms. Long-acting opioids such as Oxycontin and methadone will require a longer period of abstinence than short-acting ones that include heroin, crushed Oxycontin, Percocet, Vicodin, oxycodone, and others.

Medical supervision can also be pivotal to help avoid developing an addiction to Suboxone – the very medication meant to help opioid dependence. As an opioid itself, Suboxone has a high potential to trigger its own withdrawals if not taken correctly.

The appropriate withdrawal stage for Suboxone administration should be determined by a trained professional who assesses appropriate timing based on the patient’s last use of all opioids, objective and subjective symptoms, and a COWS (Clinical Opioid Withdrawal Scale) score calculation.

Safe Opioid Addiction Recovery

Avoiding severe precipitated withdrawal requires a delicate balance of timing and understanding of the body. This is why it should never be attempted at home.

Additionally, experiencing the pain of precipitated withdrawal may motivate some not to seek out treatment for their opioid addiction, further deepening their addiction. While clinically monitored withdrawal is still painful, it is the safest way to go through the necessary detoxification process on the road to recovery.

If you think a loved one is suffering from an opioid addiction, contact us today. Our caring professionals are ready and willing to help walk addiction sufferers through the detox process and on to a life of sobriety.

Naloxone Vs Naltrexone

Naloxone (Narcan) and naltrexone share similar medical applications, but play different roles in the process of opioid overdose recovery.

Naloxone provides life-saving aid to someone experiencing an opioid overdose, while naltrexone helps individuals overcome opioid dependence through long-term use.

What Is The Difference Between Naloxone And Naltrexone?

Placed side by side, the most distinctive difference between naltrexone vs naloxone is timing.

Naloxone (Narcan) takes effect immediately and wears off quickly, while naltrexone affects the body at a slower rate with a longer-lasting action upon the body.

Naloxone (Narcan)

Naloxone is a vital substance to treat individuals suffering from opioid overdose

The symptoms associated with opioid overdose are always serious, and often fatal. Fortunately, naloxone is one substance with the unique ability to reverse the symptoms of opioid overdose.

There are three main types of receptors in the brain that opioids activate. An overdose occurs when these brain receptors become overloaded with too much of a substance.

When administered, naloxone (Narcan) acts on the same three kinds of receptors that opioids do. Narcan both prevents opioids from binding to their corresponding receptors and “knocks off” those that are already attached.

One of the most dangerous symptoms of opioid overdose is the way it slows breathing to dangerously low levels. By blocking the connection between the opioid and receptor, naloxone effectively reverses the symptoms of overdose.

How Long Does Naloxone Block Opioid Receptors?

The fact that naloxone can reverse overdose so quickly makes it a vital substance to treat individuals suffering from opioid overdose. Naloxone takes effect within 5 minutes of administration and wears off after about 90 minutes.

It is important to note that since naloxone (Narcan) wears off so quickly, a person receiving Narcan will need professional medical attention as soon as overdose symptoms have passed. Failing to seek follow-up care may result in extreme withdrawals followed by intense cravings for opioids in short order.

What Are Common Administration Routes For Naloxone?

Naloxone is most commonly taken nasally, but injectable solutions allow individuals to administer the substance even without medical training.

Some studies have proposed extending its use to addressing septic shock, which is characterized by extremely low blood pressure as well as organ failure. The efficacy of the drug in this application is still inconclusive, however. Thus, opioid overdose remains naloxone’s only medically recognized treatment.

Is Naloxone Addictive?

As a stand-alone substance, naloxone does not have any potential for abuse. Naxolene’s primary function is to simply counter the effects of another drug, so it does not act upon the brain in any way that would encourage addiction.


Naltrexone is incredibly valuable for individuals who are overcoming a dependence to an opioid.

While naloxone (Narcan) is an emergency medication, naltrexone helps individuals overcome opioid addiction over a longer period of time. Naltrexone has a similar, but less forceful effect on the brain compared to naloxone.

While naloxone blocks all three of the brain’s opioid receptors, naltrexone blocks only one. Naltrexone targets the euphoria-inducing effect of opioids as a way to prevent dependence.

Naltrexone is incredibly valuable for individuals who are overcoming a dependence because it stifles the intoxicating feeling people seek to attain through opioid use.

After a period of detoxification, individuals who take naltrexone are able to focus on recovery without experiencing opioid cravings that can lead to relapse.

How Long Does It Take Naltrexone To Work?

Naltrexone can be taken either as a pill or as an injection, but effect of the substance lasts much longer when injected:

  • When taken orally, half of the dose will be eliminated from the body within four(4) hours whereas,
  • When injected the half-life extends to about seven (7) days.

The injection is more potent and effective, but the convenience of pills makes administration less complicated as this individuals to self-administer a pill daily.

In addition to opioid addiction treatment, naltrexone has also shown promise as a method to combat alcohol dependence. Though the two substances might seem very different, alcohol and opioids impact some of the same receptors in the brain.

Is Naltrexone Addictive?

Naltrexone is highly unlikely to be habit-forming, and, therefore, has little risk for abuse.

Side effects are rare and mostly related to withdrawals from substance abuse rather than naltrexone itself. These effects may include:

  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Body Aches
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Depression
  • Dizziness
  • Tiredness
  • Trouble Sleeping
  • Anxiety
  • Drowsiness

Naltrexone is most effective when administered by a medical professional. Access to powerful treatments like this as part of a holistic recovery program can not only save a life from opioid overdose, but help them rebuild a new one drug-free.

Naltrexone vs Naloxone: How Do I Find Out More?

Though they share strikingly similar names, each substance has unique applications. Naloxone is an appropriate first step in assisting someone who has overdosed on opiates, but further treatment is needed to prevent overdose from happening again.

If you know someone struggling with an opioid addiction, finding a reliable medication assisted treatment (MAT) center can be a challenge. At Reflections, we provide a ‘whole-patient’ approach to the treatment of substance use disorder.

Reach out to us today to talk to our highly qualified team about how they use all resources available to provide individualized care for each patient.

Methadone Withdrawal

Watch a commercial for any prescription drug and you may notice that it likely spends more air time disclosing all the potential side effects of a medication than talking about the benefits. A common dilemma in the medical field is the fact that a particular treatment will often solve some problems–and create new ones.

The use of methadone as an opioid addiction treatment is a prime example. While historically effective in helping patients disengage from heroin dependency, it has the potential to simply replace one addiction with another. Thus, one removed obstacle can lead to another one: overcoming methadone withdrawal.

What Is Methadone?

Methadone is a prescription drug medication commonly applied as a treatment for opioid addiction. Also an opioid itself, doctors will occasionally prescribe methadone to treat severe pain, but this application is less frequent. Methadose and Dolophine are common methadone brand names.

Examples of other opioids include heroin, morphine, and codeine. While methadone and heroin share the same drug classification, they act upon the body differently. Because of this, and the fact that methadone is much less likely to induce a “high” or any euphoric effects, it can be used to treat opioid addiction.

Methadone is a prescription drug medication commonly applied as a treatment for opioid addiction

According to the CDC, addiction to synthetic opioids, such as heroin, is the leading cause of drug overdose in the United States. As a closely-related substance, methadone has been shown as an effective treatment to “wean” an opioid abuser off of the substance.

The very characteristics that make it an effective addiction “antidote” also make methadone a viable candidate for dependency and abuse. If someone has “weaned” from a heroin addiction via methadone, there is still a detoxification process that needs to occur for full addiction recovery.

Thankfully–though it can be uncomfortable and difficult–methadone withdrawal is not life-threatening.

How Long Does Methadone Stay in Your System?

Methadone is a slower-acting opioid than its synthetic counterparts. This means that a methadone half life is longer, ranging from 8–60 hours. For comparison, oxycodone’s half life is just 3–5 hours.

This comparatively longer methadone half life does not necessarily make the drug “safer.” On the contrary, methadone’s half life means there is a potential for a higher concentration to build-up in the body if it is taken in more frequent intervals than prescribed.

It’s worth noting that patients who have withdrawn from opioids are at increased risk of overdose due to reduced opioid tolerance. These types of risks have contributed to methadone slowly falling out of favor in the medical community.

More and more addiction specialists see methadone as a crutch at best–and a risky one at that. Many are trying alternative methods to help patients overcome addiction to pain-relieving narcotics.

What Is Methadone Used For?

There are two main forms of addiction treatment involving methadone: methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) and medication assisted treatment (MAT).

The former is the type of treatment program mentioned above that more professionals are moving away from. It essentially “manages” heroin withdrawal and cravings by giving patients consistent doses of methadone. The main objection to this concept is that it has enables clients to simply remain addicted to a different opioid, with no built-in program to taper clients off to prevent severe methadone withdrawal.

On the other hand, a medication assisted treatment program (MAT)–with an emphasis on the word assisted–provides more comprehensive care for those struggling with a heroin addiction. As a general rule, most MAT programs have plans to get clients off all opioid-based medications within three months.

Methadone Maintenance Treatment vs Methadone Assisted Treatment

A holistic approach to methadone withdrawal may include supplemental treatments such as:

  • Yoga
  • Meditation
  • Vitamin supplements
  • Healthy meals
  • Exercise and sports activities
  • Massage
  • Aromatherapy
  • Spa amenities and treatments

Treatment centers with this type of holistic-minded MAT program are more respected by addiction specialists and see better recovery results than MMT services.

What Are the Symptoms of Methadone Withdrawal?

Methadone withdrawal symptoms may begin within 24-36 hrs after the last dose. Days two and three are when symptoms usually peak and should slowly decline over the following days.

Methadone withdrawal symptoms for first 30 hrs might include:

  • Tiredness
  • Anxiety
  • Restlessness
  • Sweating
  • Watery eyes
  • Runny nose
  • Yawning
  • Trouble sleeping

Extended symptoms–which often feel similar to the flu–may occur over the following weeks:

  • Muscle aches and pains
  • Goosebumps
  • Severe nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Cramps
  • Diarrhea
  • Depression
  • Drug cravings

The timeline for methadone withdrawal varies from person to person, and largely depends on the length and intensity of a patient’s opioid addiction. The total time for detox can last anywhere from two to three weeks up to six months.

tiredness anxiety restlessness sweating watery eyes runny nose yawning trouble sleeping

This is why it is imperative that a medical professional monitor the methadone withdrawal process. Attempted alone, the chances of returning to other opioid use increases significantly. Tapering off of methadone in the safety of a MAT program makes full recovery more likely.

Recovery & Help

Symptoms of withdrawal aren’t life-threatening on their own. However, they can become so with use of an improper detox method or a person relapses soon after completing detox.

Because of these reasons, we highly recommend seeking professional treatment. The best kind is one that includes medically-supervised detox and ongoing support to stay sober after detox.

These are services which you can find at Reflections Recovery Center. Give us a call to see how we can help you or a loved one start the road to recovery today.

Oxycodone and Alcohol

Prescribed primarily as a sedating painkiller, oxycodone falls into the drug classification of “opioid”. It is, however, unique within this classification due to its partially natural and partially synthetic production.

Oxycodone is the generic term for the substance that appears under brand names such as Oxycontin, Oxaydo, and Roxicodone/Roxycodone. As with all polysubstance abuse combinations, this drug interacts poorly if combined with alcohol.

How Does Oxycodone Work?

Before understanding how oxycodone and alcohol interact, it can be helpful to get a sense of the opioid’s action in the brain. Knowing how substances affect the brain and recognizing similar substances can reduce the number of accidental interactions.

Like most all opioids, oxycodone affects the brain’s pain-sensing pathways. Specifically, it effects the brain’s receptors, decreasing neuron excitability, and reducing communication between brain cells.

In doing so, the substance decreases neuron excitability, and reduces communication between brain cells.

In terms of potency, oxycodone parallels the strength of morphine–another opioid. 

Oxycodone has, however, been found to be less toxic in the long-term than morphine. For patients suffering from moderate-to-severe pain, therefore, oxycodone can be an excellent help for managing it. 

Unfortunately, ease of access to oxycodone means individuals often abuse this opioid. Substance abuse almost always naturally progresses to dependence, creating a heightened tolerance to the drug that leads to addiction.

Consequences of Oxycodone Misuse

While opioids can be a literal life-saver in the medical field, they can also be life-threatening when misused. The likelihood of discomfort, pain, or even death increases in the case that a user ingest incompatible substances at the same time. 

Individuals who misuse opioids may experience some unpleasant symptoms, and might also suffer from withdrawal symptoms if they suddenly stop. Even with prescribed use, the symptoms of oxycodone generally include:

  • Drowsiness
  • Pain Relief
  • Slowed Breathing

Some kinds of oxycodone leave the user with liver damage after an extended use time. Habitually taking too much oxycodone can cause a tolerance to form, where the user must then progressively ingest more of the substance in order to experience its effects. 

This increased dose-size can put them at risk of an overdose, which exhibits symptoms such as:

  • Extreme Sleepiness
  • Light Breathing
  • Cold or Clammy Skin
  • Slow Heart Rate
  • Coma
  • Death

If you think a loved one is experiencing an overdose, call emergency services immediately.

oxycodone overdose symptoms

Opioids and Ethanol – A Deadly Pair

The effects of oxycodone are remarkably similar to those of most sedatives: pain-killing and drowsiness are common effects of such substances. While these can be helpful when applied to individuals suffering from pain or other conditions, abuse of the prescriptions for the effects can lead to devastating outcomes.

Unfortunately, one of the most widely used and abused substances is also one that reacts dangerously with oxycodone: alcohol.

As a sedative, the symptoms of alcohol use commonly include drowsiness, unconsciousness, muddy thoughts, or slow speech. If these effects pair with oxycodone’s sedative-like effects, the symptoms can result in dangerously slowed body processes.

oxycodone and alcohol can dangerously slow body processes

Combined, these substances often produce effects similar to a life-threatening overdose. While many believe they understand the risk and take adequate lengths to avoid combining substances, alcohol’s tendency to impair the decision-making process can lead to accidental mixing.

Other Dangerous Interactions

Alcohol is likely the most common substance mixed in the body with oxycodone. However, other interactions can also be dangerous for an individual on a prescription or suffering from an addiction.

One other commonly used substance–marijuana–can be dangerous to combine with oxycodone. Studies examining the combination in the human body found that individuals experienced a compounded pain-killing effect. 

This effect is markedly less dangerous than alcohol and oxycodone, but the dual-enhanced sedative effect of the two may amount to a dangerous dosage size. 

A similar situation arises if oxycodone and stimulants are combined. Stimulants, like amphetamines (e.g. Adderall, Concerta, etc.) are substances that increase energy or activity processes in the body. Taking the two drugs together enhances the painkilling effects of the opioid, and the individual may end up taking too much of either.

Most of the time, combining any prescription with another–or even with an OTC medication–results in a dangerous combination. In the case of mixing oxycodone and alcohol together, the combination can be fatal.

Finding Freedom from Polysubstance Abuse

Opioid misuse can be a dangerous road, and combinations with other substances can yield unpredictable, often dangerous, effects. If you think a loved one is suffering from substance abuse, contact us today. 

Connecting to knowledgeable resources can help you make a decision about where to go from here. Understanding the options is a crucial first step in helping a loved one overcome a substance abuse disorder.

Why is fentanyl so dangerous?

America has been in the midst of an opioid epidemic since early 2017 and fentanyl has been at the forefront of this public health emergency. The amount of deaths caused by fentanyl begs the question why is fentanyl so dangerous?

What is fentanyl?

Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid which is 80-100 times more potent and powerful than morphine. It is a very effective pain reliever initially in use to treat cancer patients. When it was first discovered in the later half of the 20th century, pharmaceutical companies claimed that the drug would not be addictive. However, fast forward to 2016, where 42,000 Americans were killed by the drug. Many understood that the drug posed a major threat to public health and safety.

How does fentanyl work?

Like other opioids such as heroin, fentanyl works by binding to the opioid receptors in the brain. Opioid receptors are primarily responsible for the feelings of pain in the body, hence why it is a very effective pain killer. However, fentanyl also causes the release of dopamine.

Dopamine helps encourage the repetition of behavior which we find appealing, such as eating, drinking or in this case, doing drugs. Fentanyl also creates a euphoric high which comes from the immense release of dopamine and pain-killing characteristics of the drug.

Fentanyl can also cause a variety of unpleasant side-effects such as:

  • Drowsiness 
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Insomnia 
  • Heachaches 
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite

More serious side effects include:

  • Breathing problems (shallow, raspy or no breathing)
  • Low blood pressure
  • Physical dependence and addiction

Fentanyl vs morphine

Fentanyl and morphine are chemically similar and are both opioids with effective pain relief abilities.

The difference between the two and between fentanyl and other opioids is the strength of the drug. For example, codeine is a relatively weak opioid in comparison to morphine. Heroin is about two to five times stronger than morphine and fentanyl is approximately 80-100 times stronger than morphine.

Not much else is stronger than fentanyl except for carfentanil which is an additional 100 times stronger than fentanyl and is typically an elephant tranquilizer. 

Fentanyl is categorized as a schedule II drug by the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) which means it has some potential for medical use but also has addictive qualities. 


Why is fentanyl so dangerous?

Fentanyl is a highly addictive substance. It can cause extreme physical and psychological dependence which can make it impossible to live without.

While most people understand that it is dangerous, they may not understand why or how it is capable of killing. Opioids are central nervous system depressants similar to alcohol. It slows brain and nerve function which in turn can slow down critical organ function such as the heart and lungs.

An overdose is the body’s adverse reaction to an overwhelming stimulus such as taking too much of a drug. The most common cause of death with fentanyl is a fatal overdose where the CNS becomes overwhelmed and the individual’s lungs stop functioning correctly. 

During the height of the opioid epidemic, drug dealers were lacing marijuana and cocaine with fentanyl without anyone knowing which caused a massive surge in fatal overdoses.

Even a very small quantity of fentanyl laced in marijuana or cocaine can cause someone who has never had the drug before to experience an overdose. This is because our bodies build a tolerance or resistance to drugs and as time and usage increases, so will the dosage. 

fentanyl opioid overdoses

Fentanyl and alcohol

Mixing substance is polysubstance abuse and greatly increases the chance of experiencing a fatal overdose. In most polysubstance use cases, the secondary drug of choice is alcohol.

Mixing alcohol and fentanyl can be extremely dangerous as they are both strong central nervous system depressants and the combined enhanced effects of the two drugs can overwhelm the body’s critical organs. The overwhelming depressant effects can cause breathing to completely stop and prevent oxygen from being circulated around the body.

Even if the overdose does not become fatal, it can cause permanent brain and organ damage. 

How long does fentanyl stay in your system?

Fentanyl has a half-life of 8-10 hours which means it will take 8-10 hours for the initially ingested amount of fentanyl to reduce by 50%. In other words it will take 8-10 hours for 10mg to effectively reduce to 5mg in your body. While the half-life is only 8-10 hours, fentanyl can be detected in the body via blood, urine and hair tests much longer after that. 

why is fentanyl so dangerous


Why is fentanyl so dangerous? It is a highly addictive and powerful drug. Very small amounts are frequently in other drugs now and increase risk of overdose and death. Fentanyl addiction is difficult to overcome alone, if not entirely impossible for most. Withdrawal symptoms are severe and require professional treatement.

Most addiction is the result of mental health issues or vice versa. This is a co-occurring disorder. With co-occurring disorders, it is important that both the addiction and mental health issue be treated.

Whether someone is coping with mental health and addiction, or just one, working with a professional will ensure that you receive the proper treatment you deserve. If you or a loved one is struggling with addiction, please contact us today.

Percocet Addiction

Opioid drug addiction and abuse has been on the rise in the US for some years now and is responsible for more deaths than motor accidents. Opioids also account for a majority of overdoses and have become a major problem in the US.

Opioid addiction is a very concerning issue which many people do not fully understand. However better knowledge of the effects and dangers of drugs may help prevent users from falling victim to the drug.

It is important to recognize Percocet addiction and take it seriously.

What is Percocet?

Percocet is the brand name for the combination of oxycodone (an opioid) and acetaminophen (commonly seen in brand name Tylenol). The acetaminophen present in Percocet helps boost the effectiveness and potency of oxycodone. Percocet is prescribed to individuals who are dealing with moderate to severe pain and can also be prescribed to those who struggle with chronic pain. 

Percocet can have some severe side effects even if taken responsibly, such as:

  • Hypothermia
  • Vomiting
  • Visual disturbances
  • Insomnia
  • Anxiety
  • Hallucinations
  • Increased thirst
  • Hypo-tension or hypertension
  • Slowed/repressive breathing
  • Slowed heartbeat
  • Chest pain
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin)
percocet addiction

Why are opioids so dangerous?

Opioids relieve pain by binding to the opioid receptors in the brain which activates them. These receptors are a part of a system of proteins known as G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). They work great as painkillers but can be very dangerous given their addictive nature.

When opioids are taken, most people will feel a slight euphoric high. It will calm them down and make them feel relaxed. The issue is that users will build a tolerance to opioids.

percocet addiction

A tolerance is when your body essentially gets accustomed to the chemical and will develop a resistance to its effects- prompting users to take more for the drug to be useful. If someone is abusing this drug just to achieve a high, they run the risk of developing a tolerance and continually increasing their dosage to achieve the same high.

At a certain point, the drug will become overpowering and cause an overdose. Most overdoses will cause the complete suppression of the central nervous system which in turn causes critical bodily functions such as breathing to completely stop.

Abuse vs Addiction: What is an addiction?

In the world of drug use, abuse and addiction can mean different things and it is important to understand the differences as it can determine what kind of treatment you need.


Abuse is the misuse of any drug. Instances of abuse include:

  • Taking more than the prescribed amount of a drug
  • Taking someone else’s prescriptions
  • Using non prescribed drugs to alleviate stress or experience a euphoric high

Taking any drug in a manner inconsistent with its labeling can be considered abuse. However, you are usually able to stop your habits relatively easily which is one of the key differences between abuse and addiction.


An addiction is considered to be a chronic disease which is characterized by compulsive drug use and the inability to stop using even when the negative effects are known. Given that addiction is a chronic disease, it is common to see former addicts relapse. In fact, addiction has similar relapse rates as other chronic diseases such as type II diabetes.

Percocet addiction is no different. Users who have become dependent on the opioid will find it difficult to effectively become sober- but that does not mean it is not possible. 

percocet addiction

How long does Percocet stay in your system?

Percocet has a half-life of around 3.5 hours. A substance’s half-life will determine how long it takes for the substance to reduce to half of the taken dose to eliminate from your system. However, the substances that make up Percocet and that are unique to the drug (also known as metabolites) can have a longer half-life. It takes around 19 hours for the drug to leave your system.

However, it is possible to detect for some time after that. Generally, it is possible to detect Percocet in your system via:

  • Saliva 1-4 days after ingestion
  • Urine 3-4 days after ingestion
  • Hair upto 90 days after ingestion

Keep in mind that these figures are for Oxycodone and by extension all opioids. There are a lot of other factors which may affect how long Percocet can be detected in your body such your weight, usage history and metabolism. 

Percocet Addiction Help and Treatment

As previously mentioned, addiction is a chronic disease which has a high potential for relapse. Therefore it is always recommended that anyone seeking treatment do so under the supervision of a professional who is trained to assist individuals who are on the road to recovery.

Further, with the risk of withdrawals, it is never recommended that you try and go ‘cold turkey’ on your own. If you or a loved one is suffering from addiction, please contact us today so we may begin your path to a sober life, together. 

The Dangers of Fentanyl Patch Abuse: Know the Signs

One of the most widespread problems when it comes to addiction and overdose deaths in America is fentanyl. What is fentanyl? This substance is a synthetic opioid similar to heroin, but capable of producing much more potent effects.

A sample of fentanyl could be as much as 100 times more powerful than heroin, and the lethal dose is much smaller than that of heroin. Some drug manufacturers provide fentanyl medications to ease certain types of pain, particularly chronic pain that hasn’t responded to other treatment methods.

It’s possible to take fentanyl:

  • Orally with a pill
  • Through an edible product such as a lollipop or lozenge
  • With a transdermal patch

Unfortunately, some people have started abusing fentanyl patches because of their potency and viability compared to other forms of opioids like heroin. It’s imperative for anyone with a valid prescription for any type of fentanyl-based medication to take precautions to prevent others from using or having access to it.

Coming into contact with the sticky side of a transdermal fentanyl patch can lead to serious medical issues. Overdose is one of those risks, especially if a child or a person with little tolerance for narcotics touches the patch.

Risks of Fentanyl Exposure

How long does fentanyl stay in your system? That generally depends on the delivery system. An injected dose will be very potent and fast acting, but may not last as long as a dose taken orally.

Fentanyl patches generally release a low dose of fentanyl into the bloodstream over several days. Duragesic, the leading manufacturer of fentanyl patches in the U.S., reports its patches last for about three days before they require replacement.

Unfortunately, it is very easy to manipulate these patches for enhanced effects. Therefore, some people are abusing them in lieu of street heroin. Others simply do not realize that they can be more dangerous than street heroin because they are technically legal with a prescription.

How Do People Abuse Fentanyl Patches?

A fentanyl patch is similar to an adhesive bandage, but the underside has a gel coating that contains the fentanyl. Some people who misuse fentanyl patches will remove the gel and immediately ingest the entire dose at once. This is equivalent to consuming a three-day supply instantly. Others may apply multiple patches at once to absorb more of the drug.

Some people remove the fentanyl gel from patches and combine it with water or melt it down to inject it directly into the bloodstream. It’s also possible to chew on the patches to release the layers of fentanyl quickly; the mucous membranes of the mouth will absorb it into the bloodstream. Fentanyl is incredibly potent, and any of these methods carries a significant risk of overdosing.

When fentanyl enters the bloodstream directly or through the digestive system after a person chews on a patch, the risk of overdose increases dramatically. The body cannot process fentanyl well in these circumstances because it absorbs it too rapidly – compared to transdermal absorption.

Even used patches can still be fatal after a few days. A fentanyl patch may still contain up to 50 percent of the original amount of the drug after three days.

Signs of Fentanyl Overdose

Opioid addiction is incredibly powerful and entails some of the most severe withdrawal symptoms of any form of substance abuse. Fentanyl withdrawal can entail:

  • Hallucinations
  • Extreme drug cravings
  • Musculoskeletal pain
  • Nausea
  • Confusion
  • Irritability
  • Several potentially fatal medical conditions

Some individuals may attempt to take more fentanyl than they can handle to stave off these symptoms, potentially opening the door to an overdose.

Some of the early signs of fentanyl overdose can include:

  • Extreme fatigue
  • Unresponsiveness
  • Loss of balance and coordination
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty breathing

Since many individuals prefer to use alone or in seclusion, there may not be anyone around to intervene in the event of an overdose.

Fatal Risks of Overdosing

A fentanyl patch may cause an overdose on its own merit, or an individual may manipulate the patch for a more potent dose and then experience an overdose. Any overdose has the potential to be fatal, and it’s imperative to seek medical treatment immediately if you or someone you know begins to display the signs of overdose.

In particular, a few very dangerous symptoms to stay vigilant for include:

  • Slowed breathing
  • Unconsciousness
  • Extreme sweating
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Muscle cramping

Falling asleep under the effects of fentanyl is also extremely dangerous, especially after taking a large or concentrated dose. The respiratory system naturally relaxes and breathing slows during sleep. Since fentanyl can easily cause respiratory depression, it’s possible for a user to fall unconscious and slip into respiratory failure without anyone else noticing.

Signs of Fentanyl Addiction

Many individuals receive prescriptions for fentanyl for legitimate medical reasons. Unfortunately, these medications are very powerful and easily habit forming.

It’s essential for anyone who takes fentanyl medications to heed the instructions from their prescribing doctors very carefully and to only take these medications exactly as directed. It’s also vital to remember that following a prescription’s directions to the letter isn’t a foolproof way of avoiding fentanyl addiction (or overdose).

A person who develops an addiction to fentanyl may start exhibiting strange behavior, and loved ones should pay close attention to the warning signs of fentanyl patch abuse. Some of the signs could include:

  • Using more than the prescribed dose.
  • Appearance of damaged or destroyed fentanyl patches around the patient’s home or in trashcans: This could indicate that someone is opening the patches to remove the gel for a stronger dose.
  • Wearing more than one fentanyl patch at a time: There is no reason to ever apply more than one patch, even for acute pain. Some people mistakenly believe they can apply a patch directly to a specific part of the body for more targeted pain relief, but this is generally not the case. Always follow the instructions that accompany any fentanyl prescription.
  • Purchasing fentanyl patches from other people who have prescriptions.
  • Displaying fear of running out of patches.
  • Declining performance at work or in school.
  • Neglecting household duties, chores and basic living needs, like making meals and cleaning clothes.

Your Role

Do you know a friend or loved one who takes a fentanyl medication for a medical issue or has taken it recently? It’s important to stay vigilant for any changes in behavior that might indicate addiction.

A person in the early stages of addiction may be in denial about his or her behavior, but it will be obvious to others who start noticing some of the telltale behaviors associated with addiction.

Intervention and Treatment for Fentanyl Patch Abuse

It’s possible to develop fentanyl addiction simply by taking one’s prescription as directed. Others can propel themselves further into addiction by taking more fentanyl medication than prescribed.

It is imperative to acknowledge the extreme dangers of fentanyl patch abuse to prevent overdose deaths. Additionally, some individuals need to confront their addiction and seek treatment before it’s too late.

Fentanyl Abuse Detox and Rehab

There is no need to wait to hit “rock bottom” before seeking addiction treatment. The sooner a person struggling with substance abuse enters rehab, the better their chances are of getting and staying sober.

Fentanyl is a powerful opioid, and its withdrawal symptoms can be severe. Medically assisted detox is the best way to start the recovery process. An intervention can help get the person to this stage if they will not go willingly.

The thought of entering rehab may be scary, but the alternative is much worse. Detox and rehab are hard at first, but going through the recovery process can potentially save your loved one’s life. Instead of risking addiction and possible death by overdose, it’s crucial to spot and address the early signs of fentanyl patch addiction, and then take appropriate action.

See Our Prescription Drug Fact Sheet

Arizona Prescription Drug and Heroin Addiction: Treating the Opioid Epidemic in 2018

Arizona Prescription Opioid Abuse Statistics

Source: Office of the Arizona Governor Doug Ducey

Arizona has taken big steps toward fighting the opioid epidemic in Arizona in 2018. In addition to making more funding than ever before available to local agencies for the prevention and treatment of opioid addiction, the state has also unveiled the Arizona Opioid Epidemic Act, and has put in place new Arizona opioid prescribing guidelines.

All of the steps that have been made in the past 1-2 years, are already starting to pay off, with initial signs that the rate of opioid overdoses has slowed down in its runaway growth. While Arizonans hope to see not just slowing, but a reversal of the Arizona opioid addiction trends, this is no doubt some good news that Arizonans need.

Learn More About Opioid Drug Addiction


2018 Arizona Prescription Opioid Statistics

With Arizona’s signing of the Arizona Opioid Epidemic Act, came some new statistics and insights into just how prescription opioid abuse and addiction has affected Arizona.

  • 812 Arizonans died of a suspected opioid overdose in just 6 months (between June 2017 and January 2018).
  • 5,202 Arizonans suffered a suspected opioid overdose.
  • 455 Arizona babies were born with NAS (Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome – Addicted to Opioids).
  • Over 6,000,000 opioids were found to be written by just 4 Arizona doctors in a 12 month period (in a county with a population of just 200,000).
  • 75% of heroin users in treatment admit that their addiction started with prescription painkiller opioids.
  • In 2016 almost 1,000 Arizona residents were found to be in possession of up to four different prescriptions from different doctors.
  • Governor Doug Ducey set limits on prescription opioid prescription amounts via Executive Order. This EO limits the first fill of prescription opioids to a seven day supply (only in cases where the State of Arizona is paying for the prescription).
  • Arizona’s Healthcare Cost Containment System (AHCCCS) is the leading payer for substance abuse treatment, drug rehab, and addiction treatment in the state of Arizona.
  • Investments into early addiction intervention, behavioral health counseling, and drug and alcohol detox in Arizona – through AHCCCS – has increased steadily over the past 4 years
    (2015: $162,939,257 | 2016: $207,603,832 | 2017: $236,316,548).
  • Arizona spends a total of $265 million each year in substance abuse treatment and addiction prevention.
  • Prior to the Enacting of the Arizona Opioid Epidemic Act, only 47% of those that were treated for an overdose in Arizona emergency rooms were referred for addiction treatment.
  • 3,429 doses of Naloxone were administered by emergency medical services and law enforcement in the 6 months between June 2017 and January 2018. This does not include the number of doses that were administered in hospitals.
  • 86% of those that survived an opioid or heroin overdose in Arizona received Naloxone administered by emergency medical services and law enforcement.
  • Only 20% of Arizona primary care physicians stated that they were “very prepared to identify alcohol or drug dependence.” This means that 80% of Arizona doctors cannot confidently spot addiction in patients.
  • 40% of those in addiction treatment programs in Arizona state that their addiction was not identified by their doctors (primary care physicians).

Arizona Prescription Drug Overdose Statistics

Source: Office of the Arizona Governor Doug Ducey

Arizona Counties with the Most Opioid Overdoses Reported

Arizona Opioid Overdoses Reported from June 15, 2017 to January 11, 2018 *

  • Mohave County: 104 – 235 Opioid Overdoses
  • La Paz County: 1 – 103 Opioid Overdoses
  • Yuma County: 1 – 103 Opioid Overdoses
  • Coconino County: 1 – 103 Opioid Overdoses
  • Yavapai County: 104 – 235 Opioid Overdoses
  • Maricopa County: 3,114 Opioid Overdoses
  • Pima County: 993 Opioid Overdoses
  • Gila County: 1 – 103 Opioid Overdoses
  • Pinal County: 104 – 235 Opioid Overdoses
  • Santa Cruz County: 1 – 103 Opioid Overdoses
  • Navajo County: 1 – 103 Opioid Overdoses
  • Graham County: 1 – 103 Opioid Overdoses
  • Cochise County: 1 – 103 Opioid Overdoses
  • Apache County: 1 – 103 Opioid Overdoses
  • Greenlee County: 1 – 103 Opioid Overdoses
2018 Arizona Opioid Overdoses by County

2018 Arizona Opioid Overdoses by County

The 2nd Annual Southern Arizona Opioid Misuse Prevention Symposium

Arizona’s response to the opioid epidemic has been productive so far, and Arizonans are hoping to address even more points of addiction prevention in 2018. Come September, the 2nd Annual Southern Arizona Opioid Misuse Prevention Symposium will be an event held in Tucson, Arizona, gathering companies, healthcare providers, Arizona addiction treatment providers, and those looking to make a difference in the state.

With a focus on education and prevention of opioid misuse, opioid use disorders, and opioid addiction, the symposium is expected to boost measures, accountability, and bring new ideas into how the state can better work towards its goal of reversing the trends of the opioid addiction epidemic in Arizona.

The 2nd Annual Southern Arizona Opioid Misuse Prevention Symposium
Friday, September 28th, 2018
7:45am – 4:15pm
At The Tucson Convention Center, Copper Ballroom
260 South Church Street, Tucson, AZ 85709 | Parking Lot B

Register for this Event >>

Arizona Opioid Abuse and Addiction Prevention Resources

Developed in partnership with Arizona Prescription Drug Misuse & Abuse Initiative, Arizona Department of Health Services, University of Arizona College of Public Health, and University of Arizona College of Medicine, these online courses are offered for free to help Arizona doctors, prescribers, and those in the medical industry to learn how to put the best opioid abuse prevention practices into real life situations.

Managing virtual patients, the following courses are offered:

  • Introduction to Safe Prescribing of Opioids for Pain Management
  • Safe and Effective Opioid Prescribing While Managing Acute and Chronic Pain
  • Managing Opioid Misuse in Pregnancy and Neonatal Care
  • Opioid Issues in Youth Pain Management for Orthopedic Injuries

Because doctors, physicians, and pharmacists are on the front lines of prevention against prescription opioid abuse in Arizona, proper training can be the first line of defense in preventing further misuse and abuse of RX opioid drugs in Arizona

These Courses offer AMA PRA Category 1 Credit
Course Enrollment

Arizona Opioid Epidemic Act 2018: 

“Our package will attack this issue from all angels, while protecting individuals who suffer from chronic pain, and maintaining compassion for those struggling with addiction.” – Governor Doug Ducey, 2018 State of the State Address

In January of 2018, Arizona Governor Doug Ducey released a comprehensive and bipartisan package of legislation to address the opioid epidemic in Arizona. Governor Ducey touted the fact that this bill – as a package – attacks opioid addiction from all angles.

Using prevention and opioid education methods to prevent further growth of the opioid epidemic, going after “pill mills” (pain management companies/practices that engage in reckless prescribing practices), and making the life-saving opioid overdose reversal drug Naloxone.

Read Details of the Arizona Opioid Epidemic Act:
Arizona Opioid Epidemic Act (English)Arizona Opioid Epidemic Act (Spanish)
Reflection’s Recovery Center of Prescott, Arizona is proud to support the actions that have already been taken in Arizona toward ending the opioid epidemic, and we believe that these efforts – in combination with the proper addiction treatment practices, including MAT and medical opioid detox – can make 2018 the turning point in the opioid epidemic in Arizona.

What real clients have to say about Reflections Recovery Center in Arizona
Reflections provided me with the tools that got me where i am today with 14 months sober.
— Ricky A, Long Beach CA
Reflections gave me a life and an opportunity to become part of society. They challenged me and shaped me into the man I want to be.
— Dyer K, Gilbert AZ
I learned how to stay sober, found my best friends and created a new life at Reflections
— David S, Phoenix AZ

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