Tag Archives: Recovery Process

Nutrition in Recovery

Nutrients found in food are essential to life. They provide calories and energy that is needed so we can go throughout our days. It is possible though to consume food without much nutrition and feel like you’re able to go about your day with no problems. The connection between food and health might not always be so clear to everyone. What may or may not seem obvious, is that food impacts our health and how we deal with daily life. With processed foods, it begins to lose most if not all of the nutrition it may have had. This type of food can leave someone feeling sick, lethargic, and can greatly affect one’s mood. Processed food puts the body into a state of inflammation, which leaves people feeling depressed and anxious.

Naturally, your body adjusts to what you regularly consume. For Psychology Today, Dr. Nicole Avena writes, “Without even realizing it, most food choices are made based on taste, convenience, and familiarity. The gut will not be primed for digestion of fibrous fruits and vegetables, and there exists a strong preference for food that is salty (chips) or sweet and easily digestible (sweetened cereal with milk).” If you eat only junk food, that is what you crave and what triggers the reward center in your brain. With nutrient therapy, we want to show that it is possible to feel better by eating better. Addiction significantly deprives the body of nutrients. For a thorough recovery, it is essential that we work with patients to repair their health through nutrition.

Alcohol and Nutrition

The vagus nerve is a nerve that helps your gut and your mind communicate. The food you consume directly affects this nerve, and naturally so does consumption of alcohol. When something is permeable, it becomes more absorbent or more easily allows substances to pass through. Some permeability in the gut or intestines, for example, is okay, but when it increases it can become a problem. A study done in 2014 found that alcohol-dependent subjects may have higher gut permeability, which can affect behavioral changes and mood.

The authors also wrote, “Alcohol-dependent subjects frequently develop emotional symptoms that contribute to the persistence of alcohol drinking.”* Someone might drink to cope with other issues and then develop issues from drinking, which will then lead to continued heavy drinking. This can clearly create a negative cycle; it will damage the gut and can lead to anxiety and depression, which then may be self-medicated with alcohol.

Furthermore, alcohol impedes a body’s ability to break down nutrients into molecules that the body desperately needs. Excessive consumption of alcohol can deprive the body of vitamins and minerals. A deficiency in Vitamin K, for example, can cause delayed blood clotting and will result in excess bleeding. Furthermore, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, “…eighty percent of bipolar sufferers have some vitamin B deficiencies (often accompanied by anemia).”* A vitamin B deficiency is not the sole cause, nor will everyone with a deficiency suffer from bipolar disorder. However, it is an important facet to consider and increasing vitamin B levels can help to alleviate some symptoms.

Other vitamin deficiencies can cause severe neurological damage. Mineral deficiencies can result in a number of health problems including calcium-related bone disease, zinc-related night blindness and skin lesions.* For clients seeking treatment for alcohol addiction, we will identify any malnutrition or micro-nutrient deficiencies. When we know what to address, we can form a plan with food, nutrition and other necessary medicine to restore balance.

Drugs and Nutrient Deprivation

Drugs also clearly deprive the body of essential nutrients and can lead to severe malnutrition. Opiates (including codeine, oxycodone, heroin, and morphine) can cause gastrointestinal problems which can include diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. This can result in a lack of nutrients and electrolytes, like sodium or potassium.* With stimulants, like meth, crack, or cocaine, appetite is reduced and this leads to weight loss and poor nutrition. Long-term use can result in permanent memory problems.* There are, of course, many other possible issues. Substance abuse is a disease that can drastically destroy the mind and body. However, with proper help and treatment there is hope.

When someone is in recovery, particularly after abusing stimulants, it is possible they might turn to overeating. At Reflections, we want to work with clients on a plan to return their health to a good place and to learn new, healthy habits. This can start with eating at regular times, eating food that is high in nutrition, and even learning to prepare healthy food for oneself. Nutrition is essential to having energy, maintaining body structure, and bodily function.

A better mood and mental state is a good defense against relapse in many ways. It can encourage someone to engage in other healthy behaviors. As good food makes the body and mind feel better, physical activity will be something clients feel they can engage in. Being active can be a significant help in recovery. Overall, we want our clients to develop good nutritional habits that will reach every other area of their lives.

Utilizing Nutrition in Recovery

At Reflections, each client will go through an initial evaluation. This allows us to take a comprehensive look at our client’s health. With laboratory testing, we can identify the vitamins and minerals where there is a deficiency. This helps us identify how their health is affected, physically or mentally, and how we can proceed with treatment. We can begin to introduce food and other healthy methods of restoring balance in the body. Our goal is that each client will feel better physically, which can lead to improved mental health. We also want clients to know that they can take control of their health and what they eat, and thus play a big part in their sobriety.

If we can teach our clients proper nutrition, we can allow them to take control. Learning about nutrition regarding food, drinks, and supplements is something clients can take with them after treatment. When clients are feeling better physically and mentally, they may feel more capable of engaging in physical activity. An active life in turn further benefits their physical and mental health, creating a positive cycle. At Reflections, we all truly want each client to walk away with the skills to continue a positive life and to maintain sobriety.

*Resources:
Psychology Today – Nutrition in Recovery from Addiction
Intestinal Permeability – PNAS
Alcohol and Nutrition – National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Substance Use Recovery and Diet – MedlinePlus

Best Books on Addiction Recovery to Help You in Early Sobriety


Even in a primarily digital age, books still hold a lot of power. The power of books can help you to look deeply into yourself and recognize traits that are holding you back or can give you ideas on how and what to change about yourself to achieve desired results. During addiction recovery, books can be your best friend; comforting you when you need to be comforted, and giving you ideas on how to better yourself. Everyone’s recovery from drug and alcohol addiction is different, and recovery happens in different phases.

That being said, not all of these books will be a perfect fit for everyone, and some of the choices may offer more help in different phases of recovery, yet may be a trigger for others in other phases of recovery. These suggestions are merely suggestions, and you should find the book that speaks to you and where you are at in your recovery.

Books on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse: 

Pour Me: A Life by A. A. Gill 

Best Books on Addiction Recovery to Help You in Early SobrietyA raw and profound memoir, this book serves as an often humorous account of the life of A. A. Gill – a food critic who found that his fast life and career in his 20s had left him with serious problems with alcohol. The way Gill describes the symptoms of alcoholism can be quite brutal at times, and some readers may find the early parts of the book a trigger – reminding them of their own struggles with alcohol. By the end of the book, though, Gill shows how he personally faced his inner demons and found a new outlook on his life and his passions.

 

 

 

 

Living Sober by Alcoholics Anonymous 

Best Books on Addiction Recovery to Help You in Early SobrietyFor those that find AA and the 12 Step process helpful in early addiction recovery, Living Sober is a great companion book to the “Big Book” of Alcoholics Anonymous. This book lays out the steps of building a new life in sobriety, without drugs or alcohol. Early recovery can be difficult, and this book offers great ideas for creating a sober life while teaching you easy to use practices for dealing with stress and urges to drink or get high. For those looking for an easy read filled with tips that can be attributed to their personal lives and sobriety, this is a highly recommended read.

 

 24 Hours A Day by Richard Walker

Best Books on Addiction Recovery to Help You in Early SobrietyAn older book that was published in 1963, this book could be considered timeless to anyone who has known the struggles of addiction, particularly alcoholism. This book offers mediation, guidance, and prayers for sober life and living in sobriety. What makes this book so easy to use is that it is divided into 365 days, with each day offering motivational thoughts and lessons, as well as prayers and affirmations. This book is often considered to be a great companion book to the “Big Book” of AA and other complementary books in the Alcoholics Anonymous series.

 

 

 

 

Books on Drug Addiction and Treatment 

Beyond Addiction: How Science and Kindness Help People Change by Nicole Kosanke, Stephanie Higgs, Carrie Wilkens, Geoffrey Foote 

What makes this a great book for some in recovery, is the fresh outlook and opinions if gives on addiction science and addiction treatment. If the older “classic” books about addiction feel outdated to you, or you are interested in new ideas and approaches to recovery and addiction treatment, this will be a good read for you. This book can also be helpful for parents of addicts and family members who are caring for a loved one struggling with addiction. This book will give families greater insight into what drugs and alcohol do to change a person, and puts the struggle that addicts endure into perspective.

The Recovering: Intoxication and Its Aftermath by Leslie Jamison 

This book offers a recount of the authors own experiences with alcohol as well as her commentary on the struggles of many other contemporaries. This book is written in a prose style, rather than a guide like AA books or books dedicated to sober living and recovery. Jamison’s writing is incredible, and she touches upon the fact that sobriety is a place to either find, re-evaluate or lose your creativity. The book is hailed as a great commentary on substance abuse in popular culture, and even writer Stephen King has suggested that this book be required reading.

Other Good Books for Recovering Addicts: 

Food for Recovery: The Complete Nutritional Companion for Overcoming Alcoholism, Drug Addiction, and Eating Disorders by Joseph Beasley MD and Susan Knightly [H3]

Diet is one of the biggest factors in successfully recovering from substance abuse, alcohol, or drug addiction. When in recovery, it is essential to make good dietary choices and to rehabilitate body and mind with nutritional therapy.  Making good dietary and nutritional decisions in your sober life can be difficult, or feel overwhelming, but this book helps to make it easier. It includes recipes and great advice for getting over unhealthy eating habits and teaches you how to put nutrition first and avoid dietary dangers in recovery like sugar addiction.

 Books for Spiritual Recovery and Enlightenment: 

When Things Fall Apart: Heart Advice for Difficult Times by Pema Chodron 

Based on the author’s Buddhist spiritual beliefs, this book is blunt and direct. It shows you how to deal with life’s harder moments from a spiritualist perspective, and offers great insights on spiritual growth. “Fear is a natural reaction to moving closer to the truth,” says Pema addressing the fears that we all have, but are especially prevalent in times of great change and growth. If you are a spiritualist and like to enjoy introspective reading, this is a great book that offers a wealth of wisdom. 

The Power of Now: A Guide to Spiritual Enlightenment by Eckhart Tolle 

Best Books on Addiction Recovery to Help You in Early SobrietyHow to address negative thoughts and feelings about the past and future is just one of the intentions of Tolle’s powerful book on spiritual can be used as a daily guide for dealing with life’s stresses. Tolle begins by showing you that YOU are the source of enlightenment in your life, and you are also the source of pain – depending on how you think and act. “Start living NOW,” is the message throughout the book, and it gives you practical ways to get into that type of thinking. The spiritualism covered it is not heavily religious or tied to any specific spiritual beliefs, and the advice given can easily fit into YOUR life.

 

There are many great books that can help you in your first weeks of sobriety and in the first year of recovery from addiction. Not only are the above-referenced books great introductions to the various types of books for addiction recovery, but each can guide you along to finding other related books and topics that might fit with your personal recovery needs.

If you are not traditionally a “book person,” or a big reader, just remember to start slow. Take your time and enjoy the words and advice given in these and other recovery books. Learning how to stay sober and learning how to be comfortable in your sobriety will take time – spending your time with these and other books is a great way to start off.

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Understanding Heroin Detox and Rehabilitation from a Parent’s Point of View


Watching your son struggle with heroin addiction is one of the hardest things that you can go through as a parent. You have always wanted the best for your child, and while you wish that you could solve this problem for him, you feel absolutely powerless to help.

It’s important to remember that no matter how difficult the situation may appear, there is always hope.

Overcoming heroin addiction is never easy, and the process will take time. By educating yourself about the nature of this drug and the important role of heroin addiction rehab centers, you can be the source of strength that your son needs to take back control of his life.

Here, we take a closer look at everything you need to know on how to help your son who is addicted to heroin.

Signs of Heroin Addiction 

In 2016, nearly 1 million Americans admitted to using heroin over the previous year, making it one of the most widely abused drugs in the country. If you fear that your son is addicted to heroin but you don’t know for certain, there are a number of warning signs to look for, such as:

  • Changes in sleep patterns
  • Depressed mood
  • Poor performance at school or work
  • Social withdrawal
  • Glassy eyes with pinpoint pupils
  • Deceptive behavior
  • Digestive issues and constipation
  • Poor personal hygiene
  • Injection scars on the body, commonly known as “track marks”
  • Frequent mood swings

Heroin Withdrawal Timeline 

Going through withdrawal is arguably the most challenging stage of heroin addiction recovery. The symptoms of heroin detox can be broken down into two phases, and typically begin six to 12 hours after the user has taken their last dose. While the intensity of withdrawal symptoms will vary from person to person depending on factors like age, level of addiction and health status, the symptoms themselves are similar for everyone.

During the first stage of heroin detox, your son will likely experience the following symptoms:

  • Muscle aches
  • Anxiety
  • Runny nose
  • Agitation
  • Insomnia
  • Sweating
  • Increased heart rate
  • Watery eyes
  • Anxiety
  • Fever

The second stage of heroin withdrawal begins one to two days after the last dose and reaches peak intensity within 72 hours of abstinence. Stage two withdrawal symptoms include:

  • Depression
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Intense heroin cravings
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach cramps
  • Insomnia

The Need for Medically Assisted Detox 

Is your son is battling a severe heroin addiction? The safest way to get through the early stages of recovery is through a medically assisted detox program at a licensed heroin rehab center. In a medically assisted detox program, your son will be under the supervision of doctors and addiction treatment professionals 24 hours a day.

Although the acute withdrawal syndrome associated with heroin detox is rarely fatal, it is an extremely uncomfortable process. Those who have gone through heroin withdrawal frequently report that the experience is like having the worst flu of their lives. It’s no wonder why the estimated rate of heroin relapse is higher than 90 percent.

Medically assisted detox allows recovering addicts to go through heroin withdrawal in a safe and controlled environment, which greatly reduces the risk of relapse.

Medication-Assisted Treatment 

Many heroin treatment centers recommend that addicts undergo medication-assisted treatment (MAT) to reduce the risk of relapse during the withdrawal phase. The medications used in MAT help to alleviate heroin cravings and withdrawal symptoms, and can only be prescribed by SAMHSA-certified opioid treatment programs.

The medications that can be used in MAT programs include:

Buprenorphine 

Buprenorphine (aka Suboxone) is a partial opioid agonist used to suppress heroin cravings during withdrawal. While buprenorphine is itself an opioid drug, it does not produce the powerful sense of euphoria that users get from heroin, and can be used to safely wean the body off stronger opioids.  

Methadone 

Methadone works in much the same way as buprenorphine does. Although methadone is less expensive and more widely used than buprenorphine, it comes with a slightly higher potential for abuse. This explains its decreasing popularity in rehab programs.

Naltrexone 

Naltrexone (aka Vivitrol) is both an opioid agonist and antagonist, meaning it helps reduce cravings for heroin while also blocking the pleasurable effects of other opioid drugs. A person taking naltrexone will not experience a high if they use heroin, which greatly reduces the risk of relapsing.

Rehab for Heroin Addiction 

Once the withdrawal period is over and the last traces of heroin have left your son’s system, the deep work of addiction rehabilitation can begin.

First, your son may need your help in choosing the heroin rehab program that best suits his needs. Typically, heroin-addicted men achieve the best results through inpatient rehabilitation. Inpatient rehab offers men the opportunity to focus all of their energy on self-care and healing. Additionally, they won’t have to manage all of the stress that everyday life presents.

At Reflections Recovery Center, our men’s heroin addiction treatment program incorporates many different forms of both clinical and holistic therapy, such as:

  • Motivational interviewing
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
  • Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)
  • Nutritional and vitamin therapy
  • Psychoeducation
  • Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)
  • Trauma-informed care
  • Recreational therapy

Our treatment facility in Prescott, AZ is a men-only rehab center. Your son will undergo a course of treatment specifically designed to address the unique obstacles men face in recovery. Entering a men’s heroin rehab program also allows male patients to become more vulnerable and open to therapy than they might be in a co-ed environment.

Take the First Step Toward Heroin Detox and Rehab

We understand how painful it is to watch a loved one struggle with heroin addiction. As a parent, you are likely wrestling with the fear that your son will never be the same person he was before heroin addiction took hold. However, you must never forget that there is always hope. By reaching out today, you can start the process of recovery and save your son from a life of addiction.

It won’t be easy, and it will take time, but with hard work and guidance from our team of addiction treatment professionals, your son can reroute the course of his life and achieve lasting recovery.

See Who Qualifies for Treatment at Reflections

Does My Son Really Need Mental Health Treatment and Therapy in Rehab?


It is no easy thing for parents to watch their sons struggle with addiction, substance abuse and related behavioral problems. It can be an incredibly difficult and confusing time for a parent. You want to help, but you have questions about what the best approach is.

It can be easy to miss, disregard or deny the signs of your son’s emotional or mental problems. In this article we will address parents’ normal worries, fears and questions about the mental health treatment that may be included in the recovery process. Mental health therapies are highly beneficial in treating substance abuse and related psychiatric problems.

Men’s Dual Diagnosis Programs

Dual diagnosis treatment for men is not a rare phenomenon by any means; as many as half of those with a drug or alcohol addiction also have some form of mental illness. Any combination of depression, anxiety, bipolar or other mental health disorder combined with drug abuse, alcoholism, compulsive gambling or other addiction can qualify someone for dual diagnosis treatment.

These co-occurring disorders are found more often than not in people entering rehabilitation facilities. Even for those who suffer only from addiction and no other disorder, learning the mental health principles and self-care topics taught in group therapy sessions proves invaluable and a necessary part of gaining a new sobriety toolset.

The Interwoven Nature of Addiction and Mental Health Issues 

It’s the age-old question, “Which came first: the chicken or the egg?” in the context of drug and alcohol abuse and mental health issues.

When someone has a dual diagnosis, it can be difficult to unravel whether their addiction caused mental health problems or vice versa. Substance use and withdrawal often cause depression, anxiety and other reactions.

Just as commonly, individuals suffering from mental illness or even unpleasant emotions might cope by using substances. Although it can be difficult to pinpoint which diagnosis triggered the other, of greater concern is how best to deal with these medical issues.

Here are some of the reasons people in recovery have cited for turning to drugs and alcohol as a subconscious, self-medicating coping mechanism:

  • Inability or unwillingness to face their problems
  • Inability or unwillingness to feel their emotions
  • To deal with psychological pain
  • To tolerate physical pain
  • Undesirable side effects from mental health medications, making alcohol or drug use a more enticing option
  • To try to manage their depression, anxiety or other mental health disorder
  • A previously masked illness or imbalance in the body

If you are the mother or father of a young man who is struggling with alcoholism or drug abuse, it is possible that he is dealing with an underlying mental health issue, as well.

Mental health treatment can unearth these causations; once these symptoms are treated, it will become easier for your son to focus on the reasons behind the addiction. Finally, his recovery from substance use disorder will have a more successful prognosis when the rehab center treats both diagnoses.

Mental Health Rehab

Drug and alcohol abuse can have emotional consequences. Stopping drug and alcohol use can cause mental and emotional symptoms of withdrawal. Although acutely distressing, these symptoms may only be temporary.

Some aftereffects of withdrawal can be serious and cause permanent damage or even death, so it is important to have your son go through detox and medical supervision in a qualified rehab facility.

Mental health treatment and counseling are often necessary to treat painful emotional symptoms. When brought on by withdrawal, these symptoms may only be temporary and should gradually fade away after a period of sobriety. However, for your son to receive the best care possible and to relieve undue suffering, mental health therapies are necessary.

Addiction Counseling

The mental health counseling given in rehab is not at all the same thing as mental health counseling for severe mental illnesses.

Mental health counseling in rehabilitation centers focuses on addressing the underlying mental, emotional and spiritual issues as they relate to substance and alcohol abuse. Usually, mental health treatment is short term during rehab and gradually decreases during the patient’s treatment and recovery period.

For example, during early recovery, these three evidence-based treatments are commonly employed:

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy helps people deal with the stress and emotions involved in the psychological withdrawal from substances.
  • Motivational interviewing reminds people of their value and self-worth while boosting self-esteem and eradicating the guilt, shame and negative emotions associated with substance use.
  • Group therapy allows people to share and support each other with the psychological challenges of withdrawal, the issues and trauma prompting substance use, and starting a new way of life.

Substance abuse has roots in mental, emotional or spiritual causality. People abuse drugs because they are hurting. Effective addiction treatment addresses the factors that led an individual to their drug of choice.

As a father or mother, you want the best treatment for your son, and if he has a co-occurring disorder, that treatment should address his mental health illness as well as his addiction. Studies show that someone with a dual diagnosis who only receives treatment for his or her addiction is at higher risk of relapse than those who receive both mental health and addiction care.

The Best Addiction Treatment Care for Men 

The best treatment facilities meet the needs of their clients, help them learn or relearn how to live a life of healthy, enjoyable sobriety, and teach them how to avoid relapse. When a man has dual diagnosis, the best chance for this kind of success involves an integrated approach.

In most cases of dual diagnosis, the mental health issues subside with comprehensive treatment during addiction rehab. If the medical team discovers a serious mental health issue during treatment, a psychiatrist should address it.

Mental health and medical professionals on staff may need to set up treatment outside the facility if the mental health issue is severe. An additional treatment plan outside of the substance abuse treatment plan may be necessary.

It would be the same scenario if a patient were found to have a medical condition – a heart problem, for instance – during rehab. The patient would be treated medically and likely have an additional treatment plan for their heart condition as a comorbidity.

Reflections Recovery Center has the medical professionals on staff to treat serious mental health problems like PTSD and trauma; however, most clients only need assistance dealing with mental health as it relates to addiction.

LGBT Concerns

If your son identifies as LGBT, he may have gender-specific needs for treatment. Choosing a facility that is exceptionally friendly to the LGBT community offers advantages, such as:

  • Providing a safer environment for recovery.
  • Gender-specific needs are considered in each client’s individualized plan.
  • Is it the best interests of those from an LGBT background.
  • Allowing the best chance for success for those who identify as LGBT.

Counselors at Reflections Recovery Center want men of diverse backgrounds to feel accepted and safe during treatment.

Our goal is to offer men tools to 1) accept themselves for who they are, 2) deal with their feelings in relation to their substance use, and 3) become healthy and fulfilled without mind-altering substances.

Preparation for Parents 

Parents should understand that the initial early recovery period brings several challenges for the individual struggling with drug and alcohol addiction. Those first few days, weeks and months can be difficult, and having the right support system and care in a qualified facility makes all the difference.

Finding a holistic mental health treatment center that meets the individual needs of your son increases the odds for his successful recovery. Some guests have an easier time than others letting go of risky and addictive behaviors. Whether it comes quickly or he needs a little more help, Reflections Recovery Center has the available resources to meet your son’s needs.

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Oxymorphone (Opana) Addiction Withdrawal, Treatment for Detox and Rehab


Oxymorphone, marketed under the brand name Opana, is not the first drug that comes to mind when we think about the American opioid epidemic. However, Opana addiction remains a serious concern among addiction treatment specialists around the globe.

Treating an addiction to oxymorphone requires many of the same techniques used in treating addiction to other opioids. But because oxymorphone is such a powerful opiate, extra care should be taken during the recovery process to ensure long-term sobriety.                                                        

What Is Oxymorphone?

German scientists first developed oxymorphone in 1914, but the drug didn’t make it to the American market until 1959. Oxymorphone is prescribed for the treatment of moderate to severe pain, and many patients take it to treat feelings of anxiety prior to surgery.

Like other opioid painkillers, oxymorphone works by binding to opioid receptors throughout the body, which triggers the release of the “feel good” neurotransmitter dopamine. Oxymorphone is an estimated 10 times more powerful than morphine and available in both instant-release and extended-release forms.

Oxymorphone made headlines in 2017 when the FDA issued a request for the drug to be pulled from the U.S. market. This was the first such request in FDA history. By July of that same year, Endo International agreed to pull the extended-release version of Opana from the market, although generic versions of the drug are still available to this day.

Opana Addiction

Like other opioid drugs, oxymorphone has a high potential for abuse. Tolerance to the painkilling effects of oxymorphone develops rapidly with regular use. Over time, users will require more and more of the drug to treat their pain symptoms. Increasing the dose in this way frequently leads to dependence and abuse.

Signs that an oxymorphone user has developed an addiction to the drug include:

  • Drug-seeking behaviors such as “doctor shopping” and illegally purchasing the drug
  • Withdrawing from social activities that the user once enjoyed
  • Constricted or “pinpoint” pupils
  • Dramatic changes in mood that appear out of character
  • Engaging in risk-taking behaviors, such as driving under the influence
  • Trouble staying awake or falling asleep at inappropriate times


Oxymorphone Withdrawal Symptoms

Once a physical dependence on oxymorphone has emerged, attempts to quit using the medication can result in powerful withdrawal symptoms. Typical symptoms of oxymorphone withdrawal are:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • High blood pressure
  • Suppressed appetite
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Anxiety, irritation and depression
  • Diarrhea
  • Runny nose

Severely addicted users who attempt to quit “cold turkey” are at risk for life-threatening withdrawal symptoms, such as organ failure and suppressed respiration.

For addicted users, withdrawal symptoms typicality begin within 12 hours of the last dose and reach peak intensity during the second and third day after quitting. The total duration of acute withdrawal symptoms range from five to 10 days.

What Is Medically Assisted Detox?

Many opioid addicts find that the process of detoxification is too difficult to handle alone. Instead, they should enter a medically assisted detox program to safely break their drug dependence. Medically assisted detox is a treatment program that incorporates medical supervision and potential pharmaceutical intervention in order to alleviate the unpleasant symptoms of withdrawal.

Benefits of Medically Assisted Oxymorphone Detox

The greatest benefit of medically assisted oxymorphone detox is safety. By going through the detox process with medical supervision, patients can receive immediate treatment for any troubling complications that arise related to the onset of withdrawal symptoms.

While few opioid withdrawal cases result in life-threatening symptoms, detoxing in a medical setting can help to put the patient’s mind and body at ease, which makes a profound difference in the early stages of recovery.

Other benefits of medically assisted Opana detox include:

  • Reduced intensity of opioid withdrawal symptoms
  • Residence in a stable, controlled environment
  • Additional support for any co-occurring disorders
  • Reduced opioid cravings during withdrawal
  • Reduced risk of stress-induced trauma during withdrawal
  • Mitigated risk of early relapse
  • Increased likelihood of long-term recovery

Individuals seeking to overcome an addiction to opioid drugs should take every possible precaution during the withdrawal and detox stages of rehabilitation. At Reflections Recovery Center, our expert staff of addiction treatment specialists have the knowledge and experience to successfully guide male clients through this trying time.  

Rehab for Oxymorphone Addiction

There are a number of factors to consider when choosing a prescription opioid rehab program. Helping clients who suffer from an addiction to oxymorphone isn’t as simple as getting them to stop taking the drug.

Once clean, clients may still need to find a solution for managing their chronic pain. Having a licensed physician present at the prescription drug rehab facility is one way to ensure that preexisting medical conditions receive attention as well. 

It is also important that patients receive emotional counseling to aid in the process of reintegrating back into society. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), psychoeducation and motivational interviewing are all powerful tools that every recovering addict can benefit from during recovery.

Addiction affects everyone in the user’s life. It is important to choose a rehabilitation program that will work with both friends and family to ensure that the recovering addict has a strong support system at home to aid in the healing process.

Prescription Opioid Rehab at Reflections

If you or a man in your life is struggling with an addiction to prescription opioid medications, know that the team of addiction specialists at Reflections Recovery Center in Prescott, Arizona is here to help. Contact us today and take the first step toward a life free from addiction.

Learn How We Can Help You Manage Chronic Pain as You Recover from Addiction

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Alcohol Treatment Centers: What Treatment Types Do Alcoholics Need in Rehab?


All alcohol rehabilitation programs are not created equal. Finding a rehab center with the most effective types of treatment can make the difference between relapse and lifelong recovery.

Below, we’ll take a closer look at some of the best alcohol treatment options for achieving a life of sobriety.

Medically Supervised Alcohol Detox

Patients going through alcohol detox are at risk for a number of potentially dangerous side effects. The symptoms of alcohol withdrawal typically begin six hours after the last drink, and include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever
  • Heart palpitations
  • Headaches
  • Seizures
  • Delirium tremens (DTs)

These symptoms, and the anxiety that they produce, can make the already difficult process of recovery even harder. Detoxing from alcoholism in a facility with around-the-clock medical supervision ensures that these symptoms are promptly treated.

Medical supervision also helps put the patient’s mind at ease, allowing them to focus on overcoming acute withdrawal and starting their recovery. 

Effective Therapies for Alcoholism Treatment

There are many best practices when it comes to helping alcoholics put down the booze for good. Most of the top alcoholism treatment centers use a mix of clinical and holistic therapies.

Here are five of the top treatment modalities you should look for in a worthwhile alcohol addiction rehab program:


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is used in addiction treatment to help clients overcome the harmful patterns of thought, behavior and emotions that led to addiction. CBT can be broken down into two primary components: functional analysis and skills training.

Functional analysis works on the principle that a person’s behavior is influenced by their environment. Through working with a cogitative behavioral therapist at an alcoholism rehabilitation center, clients discover the situations that trigger their addictive urges. Recognizing the situations that lead to addictive behavior is the first step toward avoiding these triggers in the future.

Once the client has discovered the environments and situations that led them to drink, their therapist will begin the skills-training portion of CBT. Skills training is the process of unlearning destructive habits and replacing them with healthier ones. Retraining the way a client copes with stressful environments greatly reduces the risk of relapse.


Dialectical Behavioral Therapy

Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a treatment strategy that emphasizes both individual psychotherapy and group skills-training classes. The goal of DBT is to help guide clients toward developing a life they believe is worth living.

DBT has five primary components:

  1. Improving the client’s own capabilities through DBT skills training
  2. Improving the client’s motivation through extensive individual psychotherapy
  3. Customizing treatment strategies to each client through in-the-moment coaching
  4. Structuring a positive environment through individual case management
  5. Providing support to the client’s primary therapist with a secondary DBT consultation team

What sets DBT apart from other types of therapy is its focus on finding the right balance between acceptance of one’s present situation and the motivation to change. In other words, DBT helps clients come to terms with their past while building the skills that will improve their future.

The four primary skills clients learn through DBT are:

  • Mindfulness the skill of maintaining focus on the present moment
  • Distress Tolerance learning to accept and tolerate discomfort without trying to change it
  • Interpersonal Effectiveness effectively expressing desires and setting boundaries with the people in the client’s life
  • Emotion Regulation – the ability to recognize unwanted feelings while finding ways to overcome them


Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy was developed by psychologist Francis Shapiro in the late 1980s as a treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Because there is a strong link between PTSD and signs of alcoholism, individuals looking for the best alcohol treatment center should make sure that EMDR therapy is utilized in the facility’s addiction treatment protocol.

EMDR therapy works by allowing patients to reprocess the traumatic events in their lives. PTSD entails a person’s brain mistaking a memory for reality. From the brain’s point of view, remembering past trauma is the same thing as the trauma happening all over again. After treatment with EMDR therapy, clients will not feel the same negative emotional response when (or if) they recall these painful events.

EMDR therapy is an eight-stage process that begins by identifying the traumatic experiences in the client’s life that have overwhelmed their brain’s natural coping mechanisms. Next, the client focuses on a painful memory and identifies the negative feelings and beliefs associated with it.

The therapist will then perform a number of exercises that utilize bilateral stimulation (rapid side-to-side eye movement, for example) in order to desensitize the patient to these painful memories.

Bilateral stimulation is an extremely effective tool for reprogramming the mind, which is why we believe EMDR therapy is one of the best alcohol treatment options for those suffering from co-occurring PTSD.


Access to Trauma-Informed Addiction Therapy

Trauma and alcoholism go hand in hand, making it extremely difficult to treat one problem without also addressing the other. Traumatic experiences can result in a number of mental health issues, including:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Schizophrenia
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

A trauma-informed approach to alcohol addiction treatment refers to a specific mindset. At Reflections Recovery Center, our therapists work closely with both the client and his family members to identify the signs and symptoms of trauma.

Our therapists then create a recovery plan designed to help the client heal from both alcohol addiction and his traumatic experiences at the same time, while actively avoiding any re-traumatization in the process. 

Our commitment to a trauma-informed approach to alcohol addiction treatment is one of the reasons Reflections is considered by many to be one of the best alcohol rehab centers for men struggling with alcoholism.


Nutritional Therapy

Alcoholism wreaks havoc on the body. Consuming too much alcohol can lead to liver damage, memory disorders, heart problems, alcohol poisoning, etc.

One risk of alcohol abuse that is frequently overlooked is digestive system disorders. Over time, alcohol consumption will inhibit the body’s ability to absorb nutrients from food, potentially leading to severe vitamin and mineral deficiencies.

Vitamin therapy for alcoholism treatment helps to reverse this damage. Making sure that clients receive high doses of essential nutrients during the recovery process helps to relieve the symptoms of alcohol detox while also jump-starting the body’s metabolic systems. Many of the top treatment centers also offer nutrition counseling and put their clients on a customized meal plan that addresses their dietary needs, preferences, goals, etc.

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Alcohol Treatment Centers: Intensive Outpatient Treatment

Not everyone can afford to put their lives on hold while working toward sobriety. But for many, programs like Alcoholics Anonymous are just not enough. Intensive outpatient treatment may be the best option for men at this point in their recovery.

A quality outpatient treatment program will include many, if not all, of the services offered to inpatient clients. Intensive outpatient treatment is a reasonable option for those with a stable living situation and strong emotional support system at home. 

At Reflections, men who graduate our inpatient program can move to this level of care afterward (if their family leaves nearby or if they stay in a sober living home). Some of our clients actually start out at this level of treatment if they already live in the area and if their addiction isn’t severe enough to warrant 24-hour supervision in an inpatient environment.

Rehab Aftercare Program for Alcoholism

Making the transition back into society after rehab is no easy feat. A robust aftercare program can make the difference between relapse and lifelong recovery. In Reflections’ aftercare program, we teach men the skills they’ll need to navigate the challenges of everyday life while remaining alcohol-free.

After graduating from our alcohol rehabilitation program, our alumni are offered a number of services for alcoholism relapse prevention, including:

  • Housing and job placement services
  • Weekly monitored urine analysis
  • Recreational activities with fellow alumni and current clients
  • Twice-weekly group counseling sessions


Sober Housing Options

Spending time in a sober living program is a great option for those seeking additional help during the transition process. Sober housing allows patients to receive support from both fellow alumni and addiction counselors while they rebuild their lives. Patients can attend school, maintain a job and practice life skills in an environment dedicated to healing and recovery.

Alcoholism Treatment at Reflections

Reflections’ men-only alcoholism treatment center utilizes the most effective treatments designed to set our clients on a path toward lifelong sobriety. If you or your loved one is seeking to overcome an addiction to alcohol, know that help is just a phone call away.

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After Alcohol Rehab: Preventing Relapse and Ensuring Long-Term Recovery


Learn the Tools to Protect Against Relapse After Alcohol Recovery

Overcoming alcohol or drug addiction is extremely challenging – both mentally and physically. Medically assisted detox and rehabilitation can offer an effective means to overcome dependency and addiction. Continue reading for an overview of the detox, rehabilitation and post-treatment process for alcohol recovery.

How Alcohol Detox Works

Detoxification is the first stage of alcohol treatment for men and women. It involves cleansing the body of alcohol and the toxins in it.

The first step is to stop drinking. After that, the body releases the toxins that are part of dependency, which will give rise to withdrawal symptoms.

Alcohol withdrawal without medical supervision can be dangerous. Of course, withdrawing from any addictive substance is extremely painful and hazardous in certain circumstances. Withdrawal symptoms related to alcoholism, however, are some of the worse.

What Is Medically Assisted Detox?

In some cases, it is possible to go through detox without any kind of medical assistance; we usually do not recommend this, though. Medically assisted detox is when the person who is addicted goes to an alcoholism treatment center for help with recovery.

At these facilities, a staff of medically trained professionals will start by helping the person work through the withdrawal symptoms safely and effectively. The team can also prescribe medications that can ease the pain and discomfort of the symptoms.

Detoxing Without Help

Moment Right Before You Give Up Is Usually When A Miracle Happens - Reflections RecoveryDetoxing alone is not only risky because of dangerous symptoms, but also because of the higher likelihood of relapse.

When people who struggle with alcohol try to detox alone, the odds of not taking a drink when their body goes into convulsions or they begin hallucinating are nearly insurmountable.

When this happens, they often count it as a personal failure, adding to the cycle of addiction.

At a high-quality detox facility for alcoholism, a group of trained professionals can help people suffering from dependency complete the detox stage of addiction.


Stages Of Alcohol Detoxification

The first stage of the detox process is an evaluation. Each person who comes enters an addiction recovery program has a different level of dependency. Medical professionals analyze all of the details about this dependency and the person’s medical history.

The second stage is stabilization, which is the main part of detox. By not drinking, the body begins to rid itself of the toxins it had become accustomed to having through drinking.

The final stage of detox is about building awareness. Medical professionals and counselors explain the continuation of treatment after the initial detox stage and discuss tools to prevent relapse.


After Detox

The complete process of detox can take any amount of time, depending on who it is and how intense their dependency was. The second phase of treatment includes counseling and education.

Counseling is a crucial component to recovery, as alcoholism doesn’t happen in a vacuum. The underlying reason for the addiction must be addressed for a person to feel in control of the addiction.


Counseling Technique: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an umbrella term in the field of psychotherapy for practices that work to alter unwanted behaviors in favor of more positive ones.

Cognitive behavior therapy addresses the mental portion of the recovery. Its purpose is to help people adjust the way they are thinking so they make positive choices that lead to better health and greater stability. If they can find a way to control their emotions more productively, it could reduce the chances of relapse.

CBT has proven to be an extremely productive method within addiction treatment. Unlike many other therapy methods, cognitive behavioral therapy can shorten the recovery process and lessen the instances of relapse.

This kind of therapy considers the whole person and makes treatment more effective because it treats the individual, not the addiction. The therapist can easily personalize the program to help with specific issues. This personalized method can also help the person figure out which thought patterns lead to the negativity that makes them want to drink or take drugs.

This cognitive behavioral method also helps show the person how to independently stabilize emotions after finishing treatment It gives people the skills they need to succeed outside of rehab. This reduces the likelihood of relapse.


Alcohol Relapse Prevention

The months after getting out of rehabilitation are the most dangerous time for people struggling with addiction. The temptation to drink again is strong, especially with familiar friends and places haunting them. Having a relapse prevention plan in place can increase a person’s chance of a successful recovery.

For the first three months after treatment, the prevention plan should be updated every month. After that, it should be updated each quarter for the rest of the year. Then, the updates switch to twice a year for the next two years. After three years, the updates happen annually.

More than half of the relapses that people struggling with addiction experience happen in the first six months of recovery, making those months crucial for proper support.


What About Relapse Prevention Meetings?

Another outlet for helping people after they leave an alcohol rehab facility is through connections with other people. Relapse prevention meetings help people stay strong after leaving a treatment facility.

The initial meeting is a review of the list of warning signs, strategies to control them and s general recovery plan. After that step, the assessment gets updated with any recent documents or evidence that shows a variation in the recovery process. This update includes any new warning signs that have come up since treatment.


What You Can Do as a Family Member or Friend

If you have a loved one who is struggling with alcohol dependency, evaluating alcohol addiction recovery programs that suit your loved one is an important first step. However, there are other efforts you can make to help this loved one.

Often, professional interventionists can help convince your family member or friend that going to rehabilitation is the right thing to do. They can also help you choose the correct treatment center for your loved one.

Search for Alcohol Addiction Recovery Programs

There are many different rehab programs for alcoholics, but you should find one with significant experience, compassion and specialized care. Unfortunately, many treatment centers can initially alleviate the addiction through detox, but they don’t give people the proper tools they need to combat the disease in the future. If you’re concerned that a family member’s drinking has become too much for them or you to handle, talk to one of our admissions counselors.

As a place that focuses on recovery for men, Reflections Recovery Center in Prescott, AZ can help men conquer the specific nature of their addiction. We do this by not offering a watered-down version of addiction treatment. Our programs teach men not only how to overcome their addiction while they are in treatment, but also how to maintain sobriety after they leave our facilities.

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